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endobj <> policy also supports the implementation of various sectoral national policies addressing issues related to population dynamics. <> <> Organisational Structure 5. [ 20 0 R] Population Policy aimed at reducing the country’s high population growth rate which in 1960-1970 was 2.4% per annum. 6 0 obj <> 27 0 obj In Section 3 I will discuss in detail the population-control policies and demographic transition in China. )��� Es�E�"m ��nTW���VY٤ߙ���cժ|yQ$j(��3<ɪ">�a�0�x�[�&k�Y�Bl�3���U����*'[��o���0`w� Zimbabwe National Population Policy. <> Population Policy and Demographic Analysis. From inside the book . High […] Population policy PRAVIN VISARIA INDIA, the second most populous country of the world, with more than a billion persons by 11 May 2000 (according to preliminary results of the 2001 Census, India counted 1.027 billion people on 1 March 2001), was the first to initiate a government policy of The policy aspired toachieve reductions in fertility (four children per woman by 2000), the proportion of early marriages, the population growth rate, and infant mortalityby expand ing coverage of family planning (FP) services and family life education across the country. A landmark in the population policy of the country was the draft statement of Population Policy, issued in the Parliament in 1976, expressing the government’s determination to control population growth. National Population Policy-2000,India aims at Short Term : fulfill unmet need for contraception,strengthening the health infrastructure, integratingthe services for Reproductive and Child Health. 2This intellectual attitude is partly inspired by the success of population policies put in place between 1960 and 1980, at that time in the form of family-planning programs (in 1960 the global population was three billion people). 2This intellectual attitude is partly inspired by the success of population policies put in place between 1960 and 1980, at that time in the form of family-planning programs (in 1960 the global population was three billion people). population policies, the government has realized that national development aspi-rations can be seriously hampered or de-layed by rapid population growth. The development of the new national population policy commenced in June 1994, when the South African Government of National Unity initiated a review of the population policy adopted during the apartheid era as well as the functions of the population units at national and provincial levels. <> /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] What is visual communication and why it matters; Nov. 20, 2020. endobj 3 0 obj population policy is to assist RMCs to implement their population policies and programs, in pursuit of the attainment of a balance b e t w e e n population growth and economic growth. 17 0 obj <> population-control-policies have not only on total population growth but also 6. on the distribution of population. Population policy may be single purpose like reducing crude birth rate by 20 per 1000 or it could be multifaceted like endobj Photo Credit: Population Council Recent changes in population structures can have a major impact on human welfare and the environment. 7. <> The population target of 1.2 million by 2000 has been reached; it is estimated the policy prevented 200-300 million births The total fertility rate decreased from 2.9 in 1979 to 1.7 in 2004 (1.3 in urban areas and 2.0 in rural areas) Question: what is the counterfactual? R. 4 Population & Housing Census, Preliminary Results- July 2011. In India, where the majority of people are illiterate, fatalist, and custom-ridden, and do not believe in family planning, only the government’s initiative can help in controlling population growth. Population policy is a strategy for achieving a particular pattern of population change. PDF | This paper examined Nigeria’s Population Policies of 1988 and 2004. 2 0 obj 4 0 obj <> �����M�|x�»��@�$k��h;i8���YJALB Tɨ�,4?�1�ҤB? endobj endobj The World Population Policies Database provides comprehensive and up-to-date information on the population policy situation and trends for 197 countries, including all Member States, Observer States /XObject <> The book reviews also the situation of the developed countries and their specific challenges – sub-replacement fertility, population aging, and immigration – and examines the effectiveness of population policies. There’s a debate over whether or not the policy worked. endobj 9: POPULATION PROFILE . Many developing countries, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, continue to face rapid population growth and other barriers to social and economic development. endobj <>/Metadata 396 0 R/ViewerPreferences 397 0 R>> After years of implementation, the 2. Proportion of permanent citizens increased from 74% to 82% from 2000 to 2009. 6. Strengthening family-planning services is crucial to slowing population growth, now 78 million annually, and limiting population size to 9.2 billion by 2050. endobj endobj 15 0 obj endobj According to Greenhalgh (2003), the one-child policy has averted 300 million births since its introduction in 1979-80. Blog. Today, more than half of all developing countries have national population policies, and about 130 national governments subsidize family planning services. What is visual communication and why it matters; Nov. 20, 2020. %���� Gratitude in the workplace: How gratitude can improve your well-being and relationships /Font <>>> 11 0 obj Blog. This policy has for its major goal the harmonization of the rate of population growth and the capacity of the country for the development and rational utilization of natural resources thereby creating conditions conductive to the improvement of the level of welfare of the population. The strict one-child policy only applied to 36 percent of the population. 1 0 obj Increased immigration levels due to increased talent levels. 6 0 obj 14 0 obj Medium Term :effective implementation of inter-sector strategies to substantially reduce the TFRby 2010. Of particular concern are the 80 million annual pregnancies (38% of all pregnancies) that are unintended. <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 960 540] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> $.' 55 - Population Policy in China) • to reduce the infant mortality rate • to influence the distribution of population, i.e. Common terms and phrases. National Population Policy recognizes that in addition to fundamentals like infrastructure, energy, ICT and telecommunication, Uganda needs to pay attention to its human capital development if it is going to benefit from its demographic dividend. Many developing countries, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, continue to face rapid population growth and other barriers to social and economic development. <> 2 0 obj <> stream It pinpointed on the policies issues, challenges and prospects. :��i�R�Ȯ���Op-z��gd���H\Q�6��xS�dG����;I����TsH�����?#$f�Q��+�水�3���'L5��?�[���{c`� �D��|k��ڟ���d [l�TW_y�*Өݪ�ȋ��E�! 5 Population & Housing Census, Preliminary Results- July 2011. endobj %���� ~TIONAL POPULATION POLICY Trends of population gr-h in Jagaica will be among the important determining the qua1 ity of- life of its cf tizens. 20 0 obj The World Population Policies Database, last updated in 2015, provides comprehensive and up-to-date information on the population policy situation and trends for all Member States and non-member States of the United Nations. >-�n�1�3c���T�eڪ*S��vU�����VP&����EG�4��L(u���NԻ ����6ԦS���wZ�C*��.�D$��� �Voy�;�Tn� A population policy is a policy that a country engages in in order to get its population to a level that it feels is optimal for it. <> 28 0 obj ;:��5�U�&>o�^� Pd[� >��@JXZT F���rͦ"u6�k#|���~zY��d�8���H��;/s�ݽ|�H|j�Vw�ϼ�0�O�8 ���K�ǫA[PDR@�i�D*b)��9��K�V��& �s���ub �d5! A landmark in the population policy of the country was the draft statement of Population Policy, issued in the Parliament in 1976, expressing the government’s determination to control population growth. <> PREFACE . )8��b?5WH��$7C��zl*�d�tLa�(�N5c���:���r��$��Z�������^@�Y���]�ot�6z��rq+z�8��/�.o����obP���e}w3=_ T�1���BO�ɛ�0ks�Y{���~�(�ݯ��A]]W�>��g�\cv�[�����'�dzO�v[J�5[�*�scP��~Hay�w��ΰ��)��Q��R0 ���i: [p��=)�_Ȇք Photo Credit: Population Council Recent changes in population structures can have a major impact on human welfare and the environment. Population Policy and Demographic Analysis. endobj endobj endobj John F. May, a Belgian national, is a Lead Demographer at the World Bank, and a specialist in population policies and programs.Prior to joining the World Bank in 1997, he worked on many population projects around the world for UNFPA, UNICEF, USAID, and the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population (IUSSP). endobj But considering the present eplacement . /Parent 4 0 R>> 18 0 obj What people are saying - Write a review. Download Japan Population Control Policy pdf. 7 0 obj The policy will provide a framework for enhancing prioritization, coordination, and implementation of programmes for addressing population and development challenges at national and district levels. %PDF-1.7 Implementation 7. Gratitude in the workplace: How gratitude can improve your well-being and relationships Nov. 21, 2020. <> Successes & Failures of the Policy: Successes of the Policy: Failuresllimitations of the policy: Singapore's population is projected to rise to Purely monetary policies are unlikely to work 5.4 million by 2025. Population Policies formulated to address the unmet needs for contraception, health care infrastructure, and health personnel, and to provide integrated service … 19 0 obj Progress. We conclude that population control policies seem to be the factor that best accounts for this commonality. )�Sh��Q���]�b�æ��A�nnfwfu*�����&�)��"��XB��"������RG�{�hJ�F�"�W�=�q���=)N����@qUU̧�f��1Lf���"�`�m�c` 9 0 obj As this is only a bachelor thesis I focus on a model with <> <>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 960 540] /Contents 27 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 3>> endstream Our population policy takes into account the recommendations of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development held in Cairo in 1994. Introduction: A positive population policy which aims at reducing the birth rate and ultimately stabilising the growth rate of population. National Economic Planning Commission, Government of Zimbabwe, 1998 - South Africa - 76 pages. �����d�s������P�~�s�I@��O]�X&��nݮ�@�[XY�j��O[1Z)�R�0&͆SBk���s�wĿ��]|�wO� ���u�%R1/X���r ��5�KX.X��+G�@�X�)�?�{��"×��l�s� ۩�O���*�?ro��I_̚�v���IE����Fm&�R���~��/��5�,�4Qn�*��XԞ���"�|���|�� ֽXS3ϰ�s|S�ݤ��#=86�ޟ��x�Z��A��)���Q���i4H��qI��8}���q Certain ethnic minorities were exempted from the restrictions. Evaluation 8. 1 0 obj endobj 25 0 obj In India, where the majority of people are illiterate, fatalist, and custom-ridden, and do not believe in family planning, only the government’s initiative can help in controlling population growth. ��g���o~�e��]���?W�ę� �e� DI����ǩ�n�r� ��b �>c�p�d�P���@�X��y`�j��ƀ�J�pV 23 0 obj Policy on Population for Development, Unity, Progress and Self Reliance. Targets of National Population Policy 3. 5 0 obj We haven't found any reviews in the usual places. 8 0 obj From inside the book . endobj endstream Population policy is a strategy for achieving a particular pattern of population change. 4. What people are saying - Write a review. (National Population Policy of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Office of the Prime Minister, April 1993.) We haven't found any reviews in the usual places. Both these statements were tabled in the parliament but were never discussed or adopted. National Economic Planning Commission, Government of Zimbabwe, 1998 - South Africa - 76 pages. `�b-���A8�R�ϾE!�f�h��%%[�o�N�l�*%��o�s��B�R��5����og>3��D���'Ia،�@�+4���s�ڧ9l(��gM� 6 Population Projection of Bangladesh: BBS, 2007. stream Over time the Government has developed a number of population policies, strategies and programmes to address population management challenges. <> <>/F 4/A<>/StructParent 2>> R. 4 Population & Housing Census, Preliminary Results- July 2011. Population policies in Brazil A population policy is a plan to manage or control some aspects of a country’s population. ADVERTISEMENTS: This article provides an overview on National Population Policy (NPP) 2000:- 1. Nov. 21, 2020. endstream endobj endobj <> <> The official adoption of the National Population Policy is an important aspect of this all round exercise. population policies and related indicators between 1976 and 2013 for all 193 Member States, two Observer States and two non-member States of the United Nations. Otherwise, birth rates could remain unchanged, and world population would grow to 11 billion. <> In the second part, I will develop an extended Solow model combining the dependency ratio and the classical Solow model and check analytically what this tells us. population-control-policies have not only on total population growth but also 6. on the distribution of population. /Contents 25 0 R PREFACE . China argues in support of its population policy, saying that to become prosperous, China must curb its population growth. Policy on Population for Development, Unity, Progress and Self Reliance. It also explores the way forward and future prospects for population policies over the next decades. From inside the book . Download Japan Population Control Policy doc. <> 9: ��� ;=� �$�W6�U����u�m����FFF}_{����r6��3��5� l���37hkkeBF2� @�p.�, �nV��]H(��:kr�9����Q��T��6����D�p��`���]XU)2=�x�� ��1�q��0��zw>f$��\=Em����Hk0ܠ�`�#Oz2�?�! 5 Population & Housing Census, Preliminary Results- July 2011. The overall goal of this National Population Policy is to contribute to the improvement of the standards of living and quality of life of the people of Malawi. World Population Policies 1976-2015 . �A�r�f[ ��ɿ֩������R�T\1z�-[&�����R���K�_T����XQY��*-�b�2�ؼ�oTI��4�ң�[�D#/��3�^�ۣ�7"���^F���v�\�N:&LAp~`�+���M:�@�T���c�:��6,6�q�{u� ��F�r�i����.���@K��_]w*�qTi?UNJ�h�Yi ETHIOPIA. 1: RATIONALE . <> comprehensive population policy in 1969, under the theme “Population Planning for National Progress and Prosperity” (Republic of Ghana, 1969). National Socio-Demographic Goals for 2010 4. population policies, the government has realized that national development aspi-rations can be seriously hampered or de-layed by rapid population growth. 6 Population Projection of Bangladesh: BBS, 2007. 0 Reviews. The first is the policy organ which comprises the Council of Ministers (COM), the National Population Council (NPC), the Regional Population Council (RPC) and the Zonal Population Council (ZPC). x�Ś]�$W�KQb��0��_dH��͓�4Y�0B'DVYtWh��u�,�T ��ڰ�զI�G�,�X$k�2N���@�̆�Y�b��2&P���9�����n��Yj�o�:��������UuiFQUQVt��=ܜ}r��So�}�� >�~��ϊ��D/{�#�����'�~�>���|~j�Q����4o'9�{W��~����a�x���R��7�2��cI��喯����v-���u����� h>v�ʓ�oI.��K�{����w�vu��;�EY���b��/?�����{��Wg� 6�x��`�׉3��J��t'a_�[.��~^��GϿ��滱�_v/�mѐ��v ���� ��?rb���~4ܝ� /���T endobj Population policy PRAVIN VISARIA INDIA, the second most populous country of the world, with more than a billion persons by 11 May 2000 (according to preliminary results of the 2001 Census, India counted 1.027 billion people on 1 March 2001), was the first to initiate a government policy of promoting a family planning programme in 1952. The Population Policy 2004 aimed to achieve eplacement Level Fertility and et N R Reproduction Rate (NRR) = 1 by the year 2010. The National Health Policy of 1983 emphasized the need for securing the small family norm through voluntary efforts and moving towards the goal of population stabilization. The 1969 Population Policy aimed at reducing the country’s high population growth rate which in 1960-1970 was 2.4% per annum. Zimbabwe National Population Policy. Population Policy for National Development V Foreword The Kenya government has since independence recognised that population management is key in realization of sustained socio-economic development. x��S]k�@|?����R�����]��VB�$-!�! cN7��۷�,J|��^`/+�)�����D���Ko �h즭T�BZ�J��m����۠��X� stream 19: 3 other sections not shown. Restrictive Population Policies (Anti-Natalist ) Seek to reduce the rate of natural increase Example: –China’s One Child policy Unintended consequences: increased abortion rate, high rate of orphaned girls (many opted by U.S. & Canada) –India Mass Sterilization … Contents. India is a case in point, while China is an exam-ple of a country where the government de-nied for a long time, mainly for ideologi- 0 Reviews. 22 0 obj National Population Policy of April 1993. 24 0 obj China’s one child policy – See Factsheet No. endobj g� P�_���. Successive evaluations had endobj France Population Policy - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. ���� JFIF ` ` �� ZExif MM * J Q Q �Q � �� ���� C Population Policy. stream endobj x���A�@����YȝUw�R#E��"*,2�?�I��d`3����k[�#�C�g�HŰ��"��pv�p�L�� 4 0 obj The official adoption of the National Population Policy is an important aspect of this all round exercise. 5 0 obj Objectives of National Population Policy (NPP) 2000 2. 0 Reviews. 26 0 obj The overall goal of this National Population Policy is to contribute to the improvement of the standards of living and quality of life of the people of Malawi. Opposite of the condom for their opposition to. [ 11 0 R] The population target of 1.2 million by 2000 has been reached; it is estimated the policy prevented 200-300 million births The total fertility rate decreased from 2.9 in 1979 to 1.7 in 2004 (1.3 in urban areas and 2.0 in rural areas) Question: what is the counterfactual? ��q� c����n,��+&-)Tu�qv�;�qD��C^�4EV��7��H�����!���hvc_�EiV�_��ӧ�T�t�ֽ�K�W]w|l^� F? <> 1: RATIONALE . PREFACE . The policy aspired toachieve reductions in fertility (four children per woman by 2000), the proportion of early marriages, the population growth rate, and infant mortalityby expand ing coverage of family planning (FP) services and family life education across the country. But considering the present eplacement . <> Following are the highlights of the The Secretary‐General noted that the successes and failures of over 20 years of experience in population policy implementation and programme activity had taught many lessons. <> 12 0 obj 7 0 obj A population policy is a policy that a country engages in in order to get its population to a level that it feels is optimal for it. The population policy now compels us to take the consensus reached at that conference to the community and family levels. Population policy may be single purpose like reducing crude birth rate by 20 per 1000 or it could be multifaceted like %PDF-1.4 population policy were to be congratulated on that clear evidence of their success. 13 0 obj It may involve efforts: • to reduce population growth (e.g. 1: RATIONALE . We haven't found any reviews in the usual places. More than half the families were allowed to have a second child if their first baby was a girl. Zimbabwe National Population Policy. 16 0 obj Experience over the last couple of decades in Ethiopia has shown that as human numbers increased, the population carrying capacity of the environment decreased. Military doctor in population control by the couple has the ban Join with ackerman, and the disease and feel less privileged backgrounds made for visiting nature. Certain ethnic minorities were exempted from the restrictions. �{wӃt�jK1�p��q����P�Ve! More than half the families were allowed to have a second child if their first baby was a girl. This policy has for its major goal the harmonization of the rate of population growth and the capacity of the country for the development and rational utilization of natural resources thereby From: Handbook of Development Economics, 2010. They claim that limited living and land resources as a result of overpopulation lead to poor education, environmental hazards, poor medical care, and a low quality of life for the population. Motivational and Promotional Measures 6. Contents. endobj <> Population Policies Definition: Population policies to influence population growth and distribution involve a wide range of decisions and actions by governments, both direct and indirect, which influence individual and family decisions regarding marriage and childbearing, working arrangements, place of residence, etc. Key Facts and Information about France's Pronatalist Population Policy The Population Policy 2004 aimed to achieve eplacement Level Fertility and et N R Reproduction Rate (NRR) = 1 by the year 2010. 9: �XG�s-(䖏HĽ&�{!q]=�PQA�ѿ���R\�h?L�^�s{b�]J���U,j�D� The previous policy of "late, Improved living C standards, social stability of the nation, conservation of the natural environment and the stability of our democratic system will in no small measure be influenced by the nature of growth of Jamaica's population. population-control policies implemented in developing countries are likely to have played a central role in the global decline in fertility rates in recent decades, and can explain some patterns of that fertility decline that are not well accounted for by other socioeconomic factors. stream Population policies are primarily a response to the anticipated consequences of fertility and mortality, and secondarily to internal and international migration that also modify the size, age composition, and regional distribution of the population. endobj Rather than simply equating population policy with family planning, the new thinking is that population growth should be stabilised - and development enhanced - by attacking some of the roots of the problem: by improving women's access to education, health care, and economic and political decisions. Types of Population Policies Explicit : Document by a nationalgovernment announcing its intention toaffect the population growth andcomposition Implicit : Directives not necessarily issuedto influence the population growth andcomposition but may have the effect ofdoing so.ShivChandra,2001www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com After years of implementation, the 1969 Policy was reviewed to address challenges that inhibited its effective implementation in addition to incorporating new and emerging issues that hitherto did not exist. The previous policy of "late, There’s a debate over whether or not the policy worked. Iain Bell, Director General of Population and Public Policy, ONS. The strict one-child policy only applied to 36 percent of the population. What people are saying - Write a review. x��X�n�6}��CQP��! Policy statement on family welfare program was also prepared in 1977. endobj endobj endobj In the second part, I will develop an extended Solow model combining the dependency ratio and the classical Solow model and check analytically what this tells us. endobj "���#kx���l����T ��yQH�pu,*\|�%��~�hja���,늆���0ʹ�S0�l���* @Co*�mH�>�v�v��fqtJÈ����B�G�Iq��f�.������_A�� [��:��I ��uv,����D��U�����LM�X�\ۋ��k�):l�3� ~ �Hr1���苂` �n���ƍ� )e-��FZ�K���9 ��+�A�w�}� �Ɲ #L�I{>�9= @�9�۬{�=}{�ؼk��)Hf! ",#(7),01444'9=82. endobj �K:�����t)���&�L�SNȚR�Cj�� ؍yA�B��+��]�FK �s.-�mN�# �G���h���Κ�/��"J����w����c����Ko[�GO���ڳ�I����h@=v{|��@E���; �eYظ��?F���9��*KbqBr��/8���?J/;��c�_��r�������V�UC���O8z��*8���-L�>�ş)��F���Ԁ���d}��n�xܕEo��JD�����C��Pu���x���tB�t:FS���D�:s��H���V����a�I��f�5V/w �/�JR��$M���9��������� In view of the current population features, trends, and chal-lenges facing the continent, the main goal of the Bank’s current population policy is to assist RMCs to implement their population policies and programs, in pursuit of the attainment of a balance b e t w e e n population … Population Policy of India! }_��\'�̇\���?���Ö����8�j0�4�t�����&V�yc'!f������)^�=�OՒ��z Fertility Patterns across Time and Space The world’s total fertility rate declined from over 5.0 children per woman in 1960 to 2.5 children per woman in 2013.1 This trend is not driven by just a few countries. <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 25 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 960 540] /Contents 17 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 1>> 3. what extent have these policies increased the ratio of working-age to nonworking-age population, and the economic growth in China? 10 0 obj As this is only a bachelor thesis I focus on a model with simplifying assumptions. 3 0 obj National Economic Planning Commission, Government of Zimbabwe, 1998 - South Africa - 76 pages. Introduction: A positive population policy which aims at reducing the birth rate and ultimately stabilising the growth rate of population. Contents. endobj endobj 1000 live births … f��_q����s��O�r���o��Y������?��O������=�^��~V{�}��i,�>t����g~p��|Ց�$EɿAs�����d�^�+�QL+�s0��X�ĄF��U|���3�Si��/K������:��w5��^���A���o�}��J���>��~ϰk�Q1�����}��a, ̇�l����y�?�y7N�.y;1�ġ��ݶOa&t��qQ^�x�S�wrv�E��p.�~f�\!Q>�,�̘��[���9�fÐ7,��b�*׬�ϛ�)ص���'߅g��1V��C���[�>���9�Ľ�A�c+ ��F(.p� T�� ���M�i�jW�٘I�Xs����!���A��I)&�LǷ�'�S��s7BYa��շ��M}�� I��-�nt�?3��v0� �9�'f��/x��o�/��lM)q@K!E� �����ʂƐ7��@p� �A�0��>�'��&oB_x��jgT2��$7�HY���K=5&f� `kP� ���1X��F�$�7�v@Z�K1��o��TOb=RP��L�����l؏�E��!\�3��6 �ze�] Dq��/Y�r��� ���O����>-�b�E6a�2siab�!C+-�W� �LϹ�5���Ȉ8/>�y�?yE��S� �}�Rg�����;��ŋzW��s���6P>@�.p8|N�� Q���L���pT{���J���XE�u���4n>a��>�A�H8і(�2��wqA�U�G>���l�����^�G�w��g)��9$ �8�����}�Ld.���6�;���C]���9d) 3��g�1��'�u��#���U7�Lj���+�S�la!w�=m�#פF�8i�٣ŨRV1.�����a3�����AQ�v��V*�����`:B��2{�}Ÿ�N ����`��Z_���+�Xh�}�����H�g��"���T�~ۅ�w�]�t��M��͂#7�α�]�a���dz͡��JD�,����\�1�����u�����E����ArGV�+Dk�v��%�X�[6��vy Y��%� �}�$��&��"�Y�V�Ͽ�Xxu�����`~�E� e;У�*�$6��F���8|6�R���Dl�)pl�7r����Pݸ�u��/^�(�W���b3�( <> 21 0 obj POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT Environment. endobj ADVERTISEMENTS: Population Policy of India! <> <>

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